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Multichannel speaker interference reduction using frequency domain adaptive filtering

Affiliation
Institute for Communications Technology
Meyer, Patrick;
ORCID
0000-0002-7517-019X
Affiliation
Institute for Communications Technology
Elshamy, Samy;
ORCID
0000-0002-8895-5041
Affiliation
Institute for Communications Technology
Fingscheidt, Tim

Microphone leakage or crosstalk is a common problem in multichannel close-talk audio recordings (e.g., meetings or live music performances), which occurs when a target signal does not only couple into its dedicated microphone, but also in all other microphone channels. For further signal processing such as automatic transcription of a meeting, a multichannel speaker interference reduction is required in order to eliminate the interfering speech signals in the microphone channels. The contribution of this paper is twofold: First, we consider multichannel close-talk recordings of a three-person meeting scenario with various different crosstalk levels. In order to eliminate the crosstalk in the target microphone channel, we extend a multichannel Wiener filter approach, which considers all individual microphone channels. Therefore, we integrate an adaptive filter method, which was originally proposed for acoustic echo cancellation (AEC), in order to obtain a well-performing interferer (noise) component estimation. This results in an improved speech-to-interferer ratio by up to 2.7 dB at constant or even better speech component quality. Second, since an AEC method requires typically clean reference channels, we investigate and report findings why the AEC algorithm is able to successfully estimate the interfering signals and the room impulse responses between the microphones of the interferer and the target speakers even though the reference signals are themselves disturbed by crosstalk in the considered meeting scenario.

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