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Toward three-dimensional hybrid inorganic/organic optoelectronics based on GaN/oCVD-PEDOT structures

Krieg, Linus ORCID; Meierhofer, Florian ORCID; Gorny, Sascha; Leis, Stefan; Splith, Daniel ORCID; Zhang, Zhipeng; von Wenckstern, Holger; Grundmann, Marius ORCID; Wang, Xiaoxue; Hartmann, Jana ORCID; Margenfeld, Christoph; Manglano Clavero, Irene; Avramescu, Adrian; Schimpke, Tilman; Scholz, Dominik; Lugauer, Hans-Jürgen; Strassburg, Martin; Jungclaus, Jörgen; Bornemann, Steffen; Spende, Hendrik ORCID; Waag, Andreas ORCID; Gleason, Karen K; Voss, Tobias ORCID

The combination of inorganic semiconductors with organic thin films promises new strategies for the realization of complex hybrid optoelectronic devices. Oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD) of conductive polymers offers a flexible and scalable path towards high-quality three-dimensional inorganic/organic optoelectronic structures. Here, hole-conductive poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) grown by oxidative chemical vapor deposition is used to fabricate transparent and conformal wrap-around p-type contacts on three-dimensional microLEDs with large aspect ratios, a yet unsolved challenge in three-dimensional gallium nitride technology. The electrical characteristics of two-dimensional reference structures confirm the quasi-metallic state of the polymer, show high rectification ratios, and exhibit excellent thermal and temporal stability. We analyze the electroluminescence from a three-dimensional hybrid microrod/polymer LED array and demonstrate its improved optical properties compared with a purely inorganic microrod LED. The findings highlight a way towards the fabrication of hybrid three-dimensional optoelectronics on the sub-micron scale.

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