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Liquid–Liquid Equilibrium Data and Continuous Process Concept for the Electrosynthesis of Valeric Acid from Levulinic Acid

Rehbein, Moritz C.; Guschakowski, Michael; Sauter, Waldemar; Kunz, Jennifer; Schröder, Uwe ORCID; Scholl, Stephan GND

Aiming toward a scalable continuous electrochemical production of valeric acid, the mutual insolubility of valeric acid with the aqueous reaction medium of levulinic acid and the aqueous electrolyte are investigated in order to assess the possibility for an integrated product separation based on the liquid–liquid equilibrium of the system. The influence of the electrolyte concentration in the mixture and the mixture temperature on the liquid–liquid equilibrium is studied. Based on these results, the possibility for a batch and a continuous product separation process is developed and discussed.

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