Characterization of the Noise Induced by Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Distributed Sensing
The excess noise due to stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in gain and loss-based Brillouin optical time-domain analyzers (BOTDA) has been investigated theoretically and experimentally for the first time to the best of our knowledge. This investigation provides a full insight to the SBS-induced noise distribution, which mainly comes from phase-to-intensity conversion noise and the beating noise between the probe wave and spontaneous Brillouin scattering. A complete theoretical model, which is in good agreement with the experimental results, is presented to describe the noise. The results show that a loss-based BOTDA setup gives a better noise performance than a gain-based one in both time and frequency domain. The SBS-induced noise has been characterized in dependence on the pump and probe power and the spatial resolution.