Influence of Formulation Parameters on Redispersibility of Naproxen Nanoparticles from Granules Produced in a Fluidized Bed Process
The particle size reduction of active pharmaceutical ingredients is an ecient method to overcome challenges associated with a poor aqueous solubility. With respect to stability and patient’s convenience, the corresponding nanosuspensions are often further processed to solid dosage forms. In this regard, the influence of several formulation parameters (i.e., type of carrier material, type and amount of additional polymeric drying excipient in the nanosuspension) on the redispersibility of naproxen nanoparticle-loaded granules produced in a fluidized bed process was investigated. The dissolution rate of the carrier material (i.e., sucrose, mannitol, or lactose) was identified as a relevant material property, with higher dissolution rates (sucrose > mannitol > lactose) resulting in better redispersibility of the products. Additionally, the redispersibility of the product granules was observed to improve with increasing amounts of polymeric drying excipient in the nanosuspension. The redispersibility was observed to qualitatively correlate with the degree of nanoparticle embedding on the surface of the corresponding granules. This embedding was assumed to be either caused by a partial dissolution and subsequent resolidification of the carrier surface dependent on the dissolution rate of the carrier material or by resolidification of the dissolved polymeric drying excipient upon drying. As the correlation between the redispersibility and the morphology of the corresponding granules was observed for all investigated formulation parameters, it may be assumed that the redispersibility of the nanoparticles is determined by their distance in the dried state.