Design, Experimental and Numerical Characterization of 3D-Printed Porous Absorbers
The application of porous materials is a common measure for noise mitigation and in room acoustics. The prediction of the acoustic behavior applies material models, among which most are based on the BIOT-parameters. Thereby, it is expected that, if more BIOT-parameters are used, a better prediction can be obtained. Nevertheless, an estimation of the BIOT-parameters from the geometric design of the material is possible for simple structures only. For common porous materials, the microstructure is typically unknown and characterized by homogenized quantities. This contribution introduces a methodology that enables the design and optimization of porous materials based on the BIOT-parameters and connects these to microscopic geometric quantities. Therefore, artificial porous materials were manufactured using 3D-printing technology with a prescribed geometric design and the influence of different design variables was investigated. The BIOT-parameters were identified with an inverse procedure and it can be shown that different BIOT-parameters can be influenced by adjusting the geometric design variables. Based on these findings, a one-parameter optimization procedure of the material is set up to maximize the absorption characteristics in the frequency range of interest.